The Desirability Paradox in the Effects of Media Literacy Training

This study examines a paradox in findings regarding the effects of media literacy training on adolescents' decision making about tobacco use. Recent experiments have found that media literacy training successfully reduced participants' beliefs associated with risky behavior, whereas at the same time, their positive affect toward individuals portrayed in advertising increased. Study results confirm the hypothesis that media literacy training changes the way individuals think about the desirability of portrayals in the media. Although desirability usually represents individuals' affect toward portrayals, reports gathered after media literacy training also appear to reflect participants' increased awareness of the efforts made by advertisers to produce attractive portrayals designed to sell products and services. This awareness reduces or eliminates the impact that positive affect otherwise would have on decision making. Because this analysis suggests that individuals may respond to survey questions differently depending on their level of skill or involvement, the results raise important issues regarding issues of reliability and validity that may extend well beyond tests of this theoretical model or particular evaluation.

Media Literacy Research Index

The purpose of this index is to bring together and promote international media literacy and media education research. The index is updated regularly, and you can also inform us about missing research via e-mail. Information presented here is all openly available in the Internet. Accessing full articles may require permission from the publisher.

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Medialukutaidon ja mediakasvatuksen viitetietokanta

Viitetietokannan tarkoituksena on tehdä näkyväksi medialukutaitoa ja mediakasvatusta käsittelevää tutkimusta. Tietokantaan on koottu yhteen kansainvälistä aiheita käsittelevää tutkimusta. Tietokantaa päivitetään säännöllisesti. Voit myös täydentää tietokantaa toimittamalla puuttuvan tutkimuksen tiedot sähköpostitse. Tietokannassa esitetyt tiedot ovat vapaasti saatavilla Internetissä. Kokonaisten artikkelien lukeminen saattaa edellyttää lupaa kustantajalta.

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